22108 HERBAL MEDICINE AND HERBAL TECHNOLOGY(hands-on-training-course )

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Department of Botany, St. Aloysius College (Autonomous), Mangalore


Theory + Practicals                                                                             30 Hrs                      


Unit-I  Introduction to Plants                                                                             5 hrs


Classification of Plants  into major groups. Salient features of Angiosperms. Plant and its Parts -morphology and Functions. Classification – Artificial, Natural and Phylogenetic system. Nomenclature – Binomial nomenclature and rules. Taxonomic hierarchy-Concept of Species, Genus, Family, Order, Class, Division and Kingdom.  Field survey, Herbarium and Botanical garden.


Unit-II  Ethnomedicine  & Pharmacognosy                                                          5 hrs


Ethnomedicine – Definition, history and its scope   Methods of disease diagnosis and treatment , Plants in folk culture – Areca catechu, Aegle marmelos, Musa paradisiaca, Ficus benghalensis, Curcuma domestica, Cyanodon dactylon , Sesamum indicum and other species

Pharmacognosy – History, Definition and scope. Systems of Indian Medicines – Brief account on Ayush – Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha  and Homeopathy


Unit-III  Concepts & Methods of Herbal Medicine                                                   5 hrs


Concepts – the dosha, dhatu, mala and agni. Methods-  Juice (svarasa),   Powder (churna),  Decoction (kvatha),  paste (kalka), Infusion (phanta), Cold Infusion (situ kasaya), Milk Preparation (ksira paka), Linctus or Jam (avaleha, lehya, paka, prasa or khanda ), Medicated Oil and Ghee (taila and ghrita), Alcoholic Preparations (asava and arista), Pills or Tablets (gutika, vati and modaka)

Unit-IV   Medicinal Plants for Human health                                                               5 hrs

Medicinal uses of  Piperaceae, Combretaceae, Lamiaceae,Acanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae,     Zingiberaceae,Poaceae,Apocyanaceae etc.

Health and balanced diet (Role of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and vitamins)

Plants in day today life –Ocimum sanctum, Centella asiatica, Mangifera indica,Cocos nucifera, Cassia auriculata, Aloe vera etc. Nutritive and medicinal value of some fruits and vegetables

Plants for Cardiovascular diseases,   cardiac drugs of plant origins – alkaloids, anticoagulants,    Pulmonary / respiratory disorders – asthma, bronchitis, common cold, allergy . Urinogenital disorders , Drugs for dissolving  kidney stones,  Memory stimulants,  Anti inflammatory drugs,  Anticancer drugs



Practicals                                                                                                                        10 Hrs


  1. Identification of Medicinal plants and raw materials of medicinal plants.   Amla, Bulb (Garlic), Rhizome  Ginger,   Castor,   Cinchona,   Neem and Flower  bud– Clove.
  2. Poisonous plants – Abrus  precatorius seeds, Strychnos  nux-vomica
  3. Identification of Medicinal Plants-  Locally available 20 medicinal plants
  4. Methods of different Herbal Preparations- Extraction methods- infusion, decoction, digestion, maceration, percolation, solvent extraction.
  5. Herbal products : Juice (svarasa), Powder (churna)
  6. Screening of phytochemicals  primary and secondary metabolites. (carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, phenolics, flavonoids, pigments, alkaloids, volatile oils, terpenes, resins).
  7. Extraction of Essential oils from locally available aromatic plants
  8. Maintenance of Herbal Garden




  1. K.Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003. Flora of Udupi. Published by Indian Naturalist, 2003
  2. Magadi R Gurudev Karnatakada Aushadhiya Sasyagalu Published by Divyachandra Prakashana
  3.  Paranjpe Prakash Dole Vilas A 2006. A Text Book of Rasashastra. Published by Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan
  4. Ravindra Angadi  2016.A Textbook of Bhaisajya Kalpana Vijana (Pharmaceutical Science)
  5.  J. B. Harborne 2013.Phytochemical Methods: A Guide to Modern Techniques of Plant Analysis
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Course Content

Study Material

  • Tulsi

Field Visit

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